1. Eaton SBKonner M. Paleolithic nutrition. A consideration of its nature and current implications. N Engl J Med. 1985 Jan 31;312(5):283-9. Link
  2. Swank RL1, Goodwin J. Review of MS patient survival on a Swank low saturated fat diet. Nutrition. 2003 Feb;19(2):161-2.Link
  3. Bourre JM1. Effects of nutrients (in food) on the structure and function of the nervous system: update on dietary requirements for brain. Part 1: micronutrients. J Nutr Health Aging. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):377-85. Link
  4. Hadjivassiliou M1, Sanders DSGrünewald RAWoodroofe NBoscolo SAeschlimann D. Gluten sensitivity: from gut to brain. Lancet Neurol. 2010 Mar;9(3):318-30. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(09)70290-X. Link
  5. de Punder K1, Pruimboom L. The dietary intake of wheat and other cereal grains and their role in inflammation. Nutrients. 2013 Mar 12;5(3):771-87. doi: 10.3390/nu5030771. Link
  6. Riccio P1, Rossano R2. Nutrition facts in multiple sclerosis. ASN Neuro. 2015 Feb 18;7(1). pii: 1759091414568185. doi: 10.1177/1759091414568185. Print 2015 Jan-Feb. Link
  7. Wahls TL, Adamson E, The Wahls Protocol: A Radical New Way to Treat All Chronic Autoimmune Conditions. Avery. 2014. ISBN:978-1583335543.
  8. Wahls TL, Adamson E, The Wahls Protocol Cooking for Life: The Revolutionary Modern Paleo Plan to Treat All Chronic Autoimmune Conditions. Avery. 2017. ISBN: 978-0399184772

Environmental Factors  and Risk

  1. Jörg S1, Grohme DA2, Erzler M2, Binsfeld M3, Haghikia A4, Müller DN5, Linker RA1, Kleinewietfeld M6,7,8. Environmental factors in autoimmune diseases and their role in multiple sclerosis. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2016 Dec;73(24):4611-4622. Epub 2016 Aug 4.      Link

Vitamin D and Sunlight

  1. Dankers W1, Colin EM2, van Hamburg JP1, Lubberts E1. Vitamin D in Autoimmunity: Molecular Mechanisms and Therapeutic Potential.  Front Immunol. 2017 Jan 20;7:697. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2016.00697. eCollection 2016. Link
  2. Caccamo D1, Ricca S2, Currò M3, Ientile R4. Health Risks of Hypovitaminosis D: A Review of New Molecular Insights. Int J Mol Sci. 2018 Mar 17;19(3). pii: E892. doi: 10.3390/ijms19030892. Link

Microbes and Leaky Gut

  1. Bach JF. The Effect of Infections on Susceptibility to Autoimmune and Allergic Diseases. New England Journal of Medicine. 2002;347(12):911-920. Link
  2. Fasano A1. Leaky gut and autoimmune diseases. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2012 Feb;42(1):71-8. doi: 10.1007/s12016-011-8291-x. Link
  3. Julian R Marchesi,1,2 David H Adams,3 Francesca Fava,4 Gerben D A Hermes,5,6 Gideon M Hirschfield,3 Georgina Hold,7 Mohammed Nabil Quraishi,3 James Kinross,8 Hauke Smidt,5 Kieran M Tuohy,4 Linda V Thomas,9 Erwin G Zoetendal,5,6 and Ailsa Hart10 The gut microbiota and host health: a new clinical frontier. Gut. 2016 Feb; 65(2): 330–339.  Link
  4. Calvani R1, Picca A1, Lo Monaco MR1, Landi F1, Bernabei R1, Marzetti E1. Of Microbes and Minds: A Narrative Review on the Second Brain Aging. Front Med (Lausanne). 2018 Mar 2;5:53. doi: 10.3389/fmed.2018.00053. eCollection 2018. Link


Therapeutic Lifestyle

  1. Reese D1, Shivapour ETWahls TLDudley-Javoroski SDShields R. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation and dietary interventions to reduce oxidative stress in a secondary progressive multiple sclerosis patient leads to marked gains in function: a case report. Cases J. 2009 Aug 10;2:7601. doi: 10.4076/1757-1626-2-7601.  Link
  2. Wahls TL1, Reese DKaplan DDarling WG. Rehabilitation with neuromuscular electrical stimulation leads to functional gains in ambulation in patients with secondary progressive and primary progressive multiple sclerosis: a case series report.  J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Dec;16(12):1343-9. doi: 10.1089/acm.2010.0080. Link.
  3. Bisht B, Darling WG, Grossmann RE, Shivapour ET, Lutgendorf SK, Snetselaar LG, Hall MJ, Zimmerman MB, Wahls TL. A multimodal intervention for patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis: feasibility and effect on fatigue. J Altern Complement Med. 2014 May;20(5):347-55. doi: 10.1089/acm.2013.0188. Epub 2014 Jan 29. Link
  4. Babita Bisht,1 Warren G Darling,2 E Torage Shivapour,3 Susan K Lutgendorf,4–6 Linda G Snetselaar,7 Catherine A Chenard,1 Terry L Wahls1,8 Multimodal intervention improves fatigue and quality of life in subjects with progressive multiple sclerosis: a pilot study.  Degenerative Neurological and Neuromuscular Disease Feb 2015: 5 pages 19-35.  Link
  5. Lee JE, Bisht B, Hall MJ, Rubenstein LM, Louison R, Klein DT, Wahls TL. A Multimodal, Nonpharmacologic Intervention Improves Mood and Cognitive Function in People with Multiple Sclerosis. J Am Coll Nutr. 2017 Mar-Apr;36(3):150-168. doi: 10.1080/07315724.2016.1255160. Epub 2017 Apr 10. Link
  6. George A JelinekAlysha M De LiveraClaudia H MarckChelsea R BrownSandra L NeateKeryn L Taylor, andTracey J Weiland  Lifestyle, medication and socio-demographic determinants of mental and physical health-related quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis. BMC Neurol. 2016; 16: 235. Link

Exercise and sleep

  1. Andrea Döring, Caspar F Pfueller, Friedemann Paul, Jan Dörr. Exercise in multiple sclerosis — an integral component of disease management.  EPMA J. 2012; 3(1): 2. Published online 2011 Dec 24. doi: 10.1007/s13167-011-0136-4 Link
  2. Pinto AJ1, Roschel H2, de Sá Pinto AL3, Lima FR4, Pereira RMR5, Silva CA6, Bonfá E7, Gualano B8. Physical inactivity and sedentary behavior: Overlooked risk factors in autoimmune rheumatic diseases? Autoimmun Rev. 2017 Jul;16(7):667-674. doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2017.05.001. Epub 2017 May 4. Link
  3. Hughes AJ1, Dunn KM2,3, Chaffee T2. Sleep Disturbance and Cognitive Dysfunction in Multiple Sclerosis: a Systematic Review. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2018 Jan 29;18(1):2. doi: 10.1007/s11910-018-0809-7. Link

Health Psychology

  1. Johnson BT1, Acabchuk RL2. What are the keys to a longer, happier life? Answers from five decades of health psychology research. Soc Sci Med. 2018 Jan;196:218-226. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.11.001. Epub 2017 Nov 4. Link